What is Evidence-Based Medicine?
Source: Florida State University, College of Medicine. http://med.fsu.edu/index.cfm?page=medicalinformatics.ebmTutorial. Retrieved 6 March 2015
“[is] the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. (Sackett, D.)
“requires the integration of the best research evidence with our clinical expertise and our patients’ unique values and circumstances” (Straus, SE.)
The Pyramid of Research Evidence
The higher the study on the pyramid, the higher the level of evidence – studies become more rigorous as they move up the pyramid. There is less bias, more control, and higher statistical validity because they involve larger groups of people in connection with one disease, intervention, prognosis, etc.
Go to the "Article Appraisal" page for more information about study and question types.
What is Information Mastery?
"Information Mastery is the application of the principles of evidence-based medicine concepts and techniques to the day-to-day practice of medical care. The concepts were developed in the early 1990s by Allen F. Shaughnessy, PharmD, MMedEd of Tufts University and David Slawson, MD of the University of Virginia."
Source: Tufts University School of Medicine: Center for Information Mastery. http://medicine.tufts.edu/Education/Academic-Departments/Clinical-Departments/Family-Medicine/Center-for-Information-Mastery. Retrieved 9 March 2015
Information Mastery is based on several concepts:
- Patient-Oriented Evidence That Matters (POEMs) vs. Disease-Oriented Evidence
- Usefulness Equation - determining which information source is most useful to the physician
- Two Tools Are Needed - a reliable source for Point-of-Care at the bedside, and another tool for "keeping up with the literaure"
- Clinical Jazz - a creative rendering of the EBM Triad